Beginners or Newbies Guide to Yield Farming in DeFi

  • Yield farming involves lending or staking cryptocurrency in exchange for interest and other rewards.
  • Yield farmers measure their returns in terms of annual percentage yields (APY).
  • While potentially profitable, yield farming is also incredibly risky.

Many new possibilities have arisen as a result of latest advancements in the crypto industry, leaving newbies of crytocurrency in amazement. If you want to succeed in the crypto realm, you need to be aware of the latest buzzwords and trends. Many people are unsure about how crypto can provide potential ways to profit from their crypto holdings. This is where you may find the ever-increasing popularity of yield farming, which is currently generating headlines or news.

Simultaneously, the rise of decentralized finance, or DeFi, is signalling positive implications for crypto yield farming. In the context of crypto, the following explanation provides a comprehensive description of the notion of agricultural yield.

What exactly is Yield Farming?

Yield farming is a method of accruing interest on your cryptocurrencies, similar to how you would earn interest on any other type of savings or money. Yield farming, like depositing money in a bank, is “staking” your bitcoin or any other currency for a term of years for interest or other benefits, such as more tokens of cryptocurrency.

Drawbacks of Yield Farming

Yield farming returns are stated as an annual percentage yield, or an annual rate of return. Yield farmers have gained return in terms of annual percentage yields (APY) that can approach triple digits since the practice began in 2020. But there are numerous disadvantages of Yield Farming because this potential profit comes at a severe cost, as the protocols and currencies acquired are prone to extreme volatility and rug pulls, in which creators forsake a project and steal investors’ money.

How Yield Farming Works?

Yield Farming, otherwise known as Liquidity Farming. In order for yield farming to work, an investor must first leverage their coins by putting them into a lending protocol using a decentralized app, or dApp. Other buyers can then acquire the coins through the dApp to use for uncertainty, hoping to profit from big swings in the coin’s market price

that they foresee. In simple words, Yield Farming is nothing more than an incentive system for early adopters.

Users are rewarded for staking their coins in blockchain-based apps, which allows for liquidity.  “Staking” occurs when centralized crypto platforms receive deposits from users and lend them to others seeking credit. Consumers pay interest, and depositors receive a portion of it, and the bank keeps the remainder.

Agreements, which are effectively simply code processing on a blockchain and acting as a liquidity pool, are frequently used to accomplish this lending. Yield farmers, also referred to as liquidity providers; offer their money by putting it into a smart contract.

But certainly the true advantage of the arrangement is that investors who trap their coins on the yield-farming system can earn interest and frequently more bitcoin currencies. If the value of those extra coins rises, so do the investor’s profits.

5 Yielding- Farming Protocols You Must Know

To maximize shareholder value on their staked coins, yield farmers may employ DeFi sites that offer attractive schemes for lending. The following are 5 yield-farming protocols to be aware of:

  • Aave is an open source cryptocurrency lending and borrowing mechanism. AAVE tokens are used by depositors to earn interest on their savings. Interest is calculated depending on the market demand for borrowing. You can also use your deposited coins as security to function as both a depositor and a borrower.
  • Compound is again an open source protocol for developers that determine the rate depositors receive on staked coins using an algorithmic and independent interest rate protocol.
  • Curve Finance is an Ethereum-based liquidity pool that allows users to trade stablecoins using a market-making algorithm. Stablecoin pools may be safer because their value is tied towards another medium of exchange.
  • Uniswap is a decentralized exchange in which liquidity providers must bet 50/50 on both sides of the pool. You will receive a percentage of the processing fees as well as UNI governance tokens in exchange.
  • Instadapp is a decentralized financial platform for developers that allow them to create and manage their own decentralized finance portfolio. Instadapp has over $12 billion in its bank account.

Other Yield Farming Variants

  • Insurance Mining 

Insurance mining is solely focused on yield farms in order to compensate customers who must deposit assets in decentralized insurance funds. Profitable insurance claims would be drawn from the decentralized insurance funds, making them extremely hazardous. Depositors in this form of yield generating could benefit from yield farming rates on cash put up for project protection. The Liquidity stability pool is an excellent representation of the system.

  • Arbitrage Mining

Arbitrage mining is another growing illustration of how yield farming works from a different standpoint. Arbitrage mining emphasizes on yield farms that offers incentives to arbitrage traders in particular. Arbitrage traders profit from market inconsistencies all over the DeFi ecosystem.

  • Trade Mining

You might also consider trade mining to gain a better understanding of ‘how yield farming operates. It’s essentially the same as arbitrage mining. The significant difference in this scenario, on the other hand, immediately refers to straightforward exchanges for token payout. Integral is a good example of a pioneer in the field of trade mining. It’s a decentralized hybrid AMM/order book exchange with the potential to transform yield farming.

Is Yield Farming Profitable or Not?

Although yield farming is quite insecure, it may also be lucrative or profitable; otherwise, no one would dare to pursue it. It’s possible to locate pools with yearly APYs in the double digits, and even ones with APYs in the thousands of percentage points. However, many of these come with a substantial risk of temporary loss, making investors wonder if the possible payoff is justified or not.


Yield farming’s profitability, similar to crypto investing in general, is still quite unclear and speculative. Possibly the potential profit is outweighed by the risk of locking up your cash while yield farming. In fact, the possible amount of cryptocurrencies you can stake will also affect your overall profit or gain. Yield farming takes thousands of dollars in funding and fairly sophisticated tactics to be lucrative or actually profitable.

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